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DAILY G.K DOSE - April 29, 2017

1). India successfully carries out fresh user trial of Agni-III ballistic missile
  • India has successfully carried out a fresh user trial of Agni-III ballistic missile from a defence test facility in the Abdul Kalam Island.
  • The Strategic Forces Command carried out the test with logistics support from Defence Research Development Organisation (DRDO).
  • The objective of the test was to re-establish the operational effectiveness of the weapon system.
  • Agni III was inducted into the armed forces in June 2011.
2). Government launches Test and Treat policy for HIV
  • As per this new policy, anyone who is tested and found positive will get the necessary treatment free of cost.
  • Anyone found positive will be provided with ART (Anti- Retroviral Therapy) irrespective of his CD count. 
  • The scheme will be a centrally sponsored scheme. All men, women, adolescents and children who have been diagnosed positively can benefit under this new policy.
  • HIV destroys the CD4 T cells in the human body and weakens the immunity levels. A person who has CD4 cell count below 200 is considered to be at significant risk of developing serious illnesses.
3). India’s Forex reserves increase by $1.25 billion
  • According to the Reserve Bank of India’s weekly statistical supplement, India’s foreign exchange (Forex) reserves have increased by $1.25 billion to reach $371.13 billion from $369.88 billion as on April 21, 2017
  • The current reserves are just short of a lifetime high of USD 371.99 billion reached in the week to September 30, 2016.
  • The components of India’s Foreign Exchange Reserves include: Foreign currency assets (FCAs) Gold Special Drawing Rights (SDRs) RBI’s Reserve position with International Monetary Fund (IMF)
4). Kerala hosts country’s first ever transgender athletic meet in Thiruvananthapuram
  • The event saw the participation of 132 participants belonging to 12 districts of the state.
  • The event was jointly organised by Kerala sports council and Sexual Gender Minority Federation of Kerala.
  • In the competition, six events were conducted, namely, 100 metres, 200 metres, and 400 metres running; 100x 4 relay race, high jump and shot put
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DAILY G.K DOSE - April 28, 2017

1) UDAN scheme launched by PM Modi in Simla

  • UDAN (Uday desh ka aam nagrik) which is the new low cost regional flight scheme was launched by PM in Simla, HP.
  • It is the first flight under this scheme which started between Simla and Delhi. It is operated by Alliance Air – the subsidiary of Air India.
  • This regional connectivity scheme was announced few weeks ago in which five airline companies won the bid: Alliance Air, Trujet, Spicejet, Air Deccan and Air Odisha.
  • Under this scheme the 50% of the seats for 1 hour or covering 500 Km of distance would cost around Rs. 2500. The Simla-Delhi flight cost around Rs 2000. The air carriers would be provided with subsidies of which 80% comes from the surcharge of Rs 50 levied on the passengers of national flight and 20% will be contributed by state governments.
  • The scheme will connect 128 routes and 70 regional airports.
  • Apart from Simla-Delhi flight at Jubbarhatti Airport, another two flights were also launched on the Kadapa-Hyderabad and Nanded-Hyderabad routes.

2) Supreme Court Judgment on Lokpal and Lokayukta Act, 2013

  • SC deferred the Government’s plea that Lokpal Chairman and members cannot be appointed due to the absence of Leader of Opposition (LOP). The government hold this rationale according to the Lokpal Act, 2013 which says LOP shall be one of the members of the selection committee.
  • In the present 16th Lok Sabha, there is no LOP because no party other than BJP won more than or equal to 10% of the total seats.
  • Government had the view that they need to amend the present Act of 2013 and replace the term LOP with ‘Leader of the largest opposition’ in order to constitute the selection committee.
  • According to the Lok Act, 2013 the selection committee would consists of:
    • Prime Minister
    • Lok Sabha Speaker
    • Leader of Opposition
    • Chief Justice of India i.e. Supreme Court
    • Eminent Jurist
  • According to this SC judgment, the current Lokpal Bill, 2013 does not put any restraint over government to put the law into hold due to the absence of LOP.

3) UK study on entry of Rohingya Muslims illegally in India

  • The UK based international human rights organization- Restless Being said in its study that most of the Rohingya Muslims enters India through Kolkata.
  • Rohingya are 60% of the total illegal immigrants living in India
  • Rohingya are the residents of Myanmar which migrates due to ongoing conflicts in the country.

4) Gujarat government to start new meal scheme for construction workers

  • Gujarat government will launch Rs. 10 meal to 50,000 construction workers.
  • The new scheme will be launched on the Gujarat Foundation Day appearing on May 1.
  • Gujarat state was formed as the 15th state of Independent India on May 1, 1960.
  • The scheme is inspired from the Tamil Nadu government run scheme ‘Amma Canteens’ and Rajasthan’s ‘Annapurna Rasoi’.

5) Film Industry icon hero Vinod Khana dies by bladder cancer at the age of 70

  • The actor was debuted in the 1968 movie ‘Mann Ka Meet’ as a villain instead of hero. This movie was remake of Tamil movie Kumari Penn.
  • His last appearance was in the movie Dilwale of 2015.
  • While he was superstar in the making, he left the industry in 80’s and joined the Osho Ashram named Rajneeshpuram in Oregan, US.
  • He was also the four time BJP MP from Gurdaspur constituency, Punjab.
  • He won two Filmfare awards for Best supporting actor for the movies ‘Haath ki Safai’ and ‘Muqaddar ka Sikandar’.
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DAILY G.K DOSE - April 27, 2017

1) Government appoints new CRPF chief

  • Rajiv Rai Bhatnagar is appointed as new Director General of CRPF.
  • He replaces K Durga Prasad who retired 2 months back.
  • He is a senior IPS officer who serves as DG of the Narcotics Control Bureau.
  • His appointment came 2 days after the killing of 25 CRPF soldiers by Maoists in Sukma.
  • In addition to this, Government has also appointed another senior IPS RK Prachanda as DG of Indo Tibetan Border Police (ITBP).
  • RK Prachanda served as a DG of National Disaster Response Force

2) ‘Mission Kakitaya’ of Telangana improved groundwater levels in the state and boost state agriculture

  • The reasons behind recovery in groundwater which was 17 year low in March 2016 are better monsoon and state sponsored scheme.
  • Last year, Telangana launched Mission Kakitaya for the farmers of semi-arid region.
  • Its objection is de-silting and restoration of water tanks.
  • The state government has planned to restore approximately 46500 tanks out of which it successfully restored 11000 water tanks so far.
  • Along with groundwater it improved agricultural operations in the current rabi season. Notably rabi season begins with the sowing of rabi crops in the winter month of November and ends with harvesting of crops in the spring month of April/May after the monsoon is over.
  • The major rabi crops in India are Wheat, Barley, sesame, mustard, cereal, gram etc.

3) Experts blamed loss of natural landscape as the reason behind water scarcity in Kerala

  • Scientists working with National Centre for Earth Science Studies (NCESS), Thiruvananthapuram cited the above reason for the water shortage in Kerala despite good rainfall.
  • The landscapes like hills, giant rocks and forest cover loss decrease the water carrying capacity of the terrain.
  • The hills related to the famous Sabarimala Ayyappa Temple located in the Pathanamthitta district of Kerala also undergoing rapid change. This temple was located over the banks of River Pampa.

4) Sri Lanka – India port dealing would not be materialized during PM Modi’s visit to Sri Lanka

  • While the Indian government is keen to sign port dealing with Sri Lanka during PM Modi’s visit in May next month but Sri Lanka government has cleared the air that no such deal will be taken place.
  • Sri Lanka has taken this step due to the strike of the workers against this planned deal which hit oil supplies in the country.
  • The Trincomalee port is important for India to contain Chinese influence which has already signed two ports (Hambantota & Colombo ports) deals with the Lankan government during UPA regime.
  • This decision was announced yesterday even when the SL Prime Minister Ranil Wickremesinghe was on a tour to Delhi, India.
  • Like India, Sri Lanka also have posts for both PM and President. Its current President is Maithripala Sirisena.

5) India to display diplomatic balance between three countries

  • Indian diplomacy is currently facing a strange situation where the India is locked down between three countries Armenia, Cyprus and Turkey.
  • The situation arises as the Indian Vice President Hamid Ansari is on tour to Armenia (& also Poland) whereas Cyrus President is on a tour to India just before the days when the New Delhi is getting ready for the Turkey President Erdogan.
  • It must be noted that there is dispute of the Turkey with both Armenia as well as Cyprus.
  • Cyprus has bitter relations over land issues with Turkey whereas Armenia has with Turkey over war issues.
  • Cyprus President: Nicos Anastasiades.
  • Cyprus strongly supported India last year on Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG).

6) New Chinese aircraft carrier launched Image result for New Chinese aircraft carrier launched

  • The aircraft carrier called as Type 001-A was launched by China. It is mid size carrier as it displaces 50,000 tonnes instead US carrier’s displacement of 70,000.
  • The new carrier is indigenously built by China and is expected to enter Chinese Navy in 2020.
  • This is the second carrier after Liaoning.
  • The first carrier Liaoning was purchased from Ukraine and commissioned in 2012.

7) US started deploying THAAD in South Korea

  • Terminal High Altitude Area Defense (THAAD) is the anti-missile defence system, which the US has starting deploying in South Korea near Seoul against the North Korea’s nuclear attack threat.
  • It will be completely operational till the end of this year.

8) Indian girl becomes Miss Teen Universe pageant

  • Srishti Kaur of Noida won this coveted contest held in Managua – the capital city of Nicaragua.
  • She also won prize in the category of national costume.
  • First runner-up: Samantha Pierre of Canada
  • Second runner-up: Ary Trava of Mexico.
  • This is the sixth edition of Teen Universe contest. It allowed the girls of age between 15 to 19 years to participate in a contest.
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DAILY G.K DOSE - April 26, 2017

1) Two day meeting on BCIM began in Kolkata

  • The sub regional group BCIM ie Bangladesh, China, India and Myanmar meets on Tuesday to review the economic development of the region and to facilitate the construction of proposed economic corridor (BCIM EC).
  • BCIM EC is a proposed 2800 Km expressway from Kunming in China to Kolkata in India passing through Bangladesh and Myanmar. It will be the first such expressway between the two countries.
  • The Corridor will start from Kolkata in India, and then enters into Bangladesh through Dhaka, it leaves Bangladesh through Sylhet before re-entering into India near Silchar in Assam and then reach to Imphal in Manipur. It again leaves India and enters Mandalay in Myanmar and finally the road reaches to Kunming in China.

     Thus, the route scheme of BCIM EC is: India – Bangladesh – India – Myanmar - China

  • This was first proposed during 1990s in a process known as ‘Kunming Initiative’.
  • Before this meeting, total three conferences were taken place – Kunming, China 2013; Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh 2014 and Kolkata in 2015.
  • China wants the dialogue to be held at intergovernmental meetings rather than the current status of Joint Study Group meeting.

2) Startups Intellectual Property Protection (SIPP) scheme extended till March 2020:

  • Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion (DIPP) announced the extension of SIPP scheme for the next three years till March 2020.
  • Last year, Government announced this scheme under Startup India action plan with aim to promote awareness and adoption of IPRs among startup companies.
  • Under this scheme the startups need not to acquire certificate of eligible business from Inter-Ministerial Board of Certification.
  • In addition to it such companies need to submit self declaration form that they have not received any funds from any other government schemes regarding IP application.
  • Startups are those business ventures which are fast growing, emerging and cater to the underserved sectors. Such ventures acquire new and innovative set of skills which changes the character of the economy by introducing new products.

3) Dada Saheb Phalke Award conferred to K. Viswanath:

  • Dada Saheb Phalke Award is the highest award in Cinema.
  • The Award Committee recommend his name which was approved by Union Information and Broadcasting Minister M. Venkaiah Naidu.
  • The award consists Golden Lotus along with monetary sum of Rs 10 lakh and Shawl which will be presented by President of India.
  • K. Vishwanath is a winner of 5 National Awards along with other such awards.
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DAILY G.K DOSE - April 25, 2017

1). Canadian University Researcher invented new material called LI RAM

  • LI RAM better known as Light Induced Random Access Memory is the new technology RAM which uses light instead of electricity to store and process data.
  • It can not only save electricity because it uses 10% less power but can also make computing faster and durable. It also does not overheat as a result of using less power.
  • The researcher patented this material which is claimed to save half of the electricity currently using in processing technologies.
  • Apart from its use in computers and mobiles for the data storage it will also be useful in medical imaging, solar cells and in nanotechnologies.

2). ISRO planning to launch orbiter mission to Venus

  • The Indian space research organization ISRO has planned to sent new mission to the yellow planet Venus.
  • The decision was taken to keep in view that though Venus is the closest and twin planet to Earth but still we don’t know much about it. The scientists aimed to launch 175 Kg of instruments.
  • This mission is in the nascent and needs approval of various departments and finally by the government. It is expected to launch in 2020.
  • India launched its first ever orbiter mission to moon named as Chandrayan I in 2008 and in 2013 it sent its second planetary outing known as Mars Orbiter Mission.
  • Next year, ISRO planned to launch its Chandrayan II mission to moon.

Different missions to Venus:

  • First time the mission to Venus was sent by Russia in 1961 and its name was Venera.
  • Vega mission was also sent by Russia.
  • US missions are Mariner, Pioneer and Magellan
  • Japan sent mission Akatsuki in 2010 (latest one).

3). Indian women athlete Manpreet Kaur broke her own national record in Shot Put

  • She achieved this feat while competing at the athletics Asian Grand Prix in China by throwing at a distance of 18.86m
  • Earlier she made National record of 17.96m two years ago at a National event in Kolkata.
  • She is a Railways athlete and has qualified to compete in World Championships to be held in London this year in August.
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