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VOCAB DOSE

Language :

VOCAB DOSE

Obstinate (Adj):
Meaning: extremely stubborn, refusing to change one’s opinion,
Antonyms: flexible, pliant, submissive, obedient
Where to use: to describe someone having undesirable behaviour
Sentence: The teacher is obstinate to follow the prescribed guidelines of the school.
 
Baffle (verb):
Meaning:  1. to puzzle
                 2. to prevent or to control
Synonyms:  1. bewilder, perplex, puzzle, confuse, confound
                    2. check, hinder, obstruct, deflect, divert
 
Antonyms: 1. clarify, enlighten, explain
                  2. soothe, relieve, support
Sentence:  1. Anurag was baffled to see his name in the list of toppers selected for the SBI PO.
                  2.  His performance was baffled by his lack of preparation.
 
Glib (adj)
Meaning: Fluent but insincere and shallow
Synonyms: slick, pat, plausible, silky, smooth, insincere, facile
Antonyms: quiet, silent, inarticulate, stuttering
Sentence: My voice sounded glib while talking over this new phone.
 
Belligerent(adj)
Meaning: aggressive behaviour
Synonyms: threatening, hostile, pugnacious, truculent, contentious, militant
Antonyms: peaceful, friendly, neutral, calm
Sentence:  Korean Dictator is very belligerent in his speech against the sanctions imposed by US.
 
Caricature(noun):
Meaning: imitation or sketch of a person in a comic manner e.g. Sketches of politicians usually seen in newspapers and magazines depicting them in a funny manner but having deep underlying meaning.
Synonym: cartoon, exaggerated drawing, distortion, burlesque, mimicry, travesty, skit
Antonym: Seriousness, flattery, praise
Sentence: Bengal Chief Minister got so angry with the caricature of her image that she filed
                 complaint against the newspaper company
 
 
 
 
 
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VOCAB DOSE -Words related to being many in number

 
The best thing about life is that it allows to form as many combinations as you wish. You can combine a dozen of something or collect a flock or literally call upon a multitude, if you wish. What are we talking about? We are talking about a group of words that represent ‘numbers’, or to be precise, each word in this group represents some form of collection or the other. Explore the list here:
1.     Assortment: A collection of various kinds; a variety.
2.     Bunches: A group of things.
3.     Copious: Large in number or quantity; abundant; extensive in quantity.
4.     Deluge: An overwhelming number or amount.
5.     Dozens: An indefinite, large number or amount.
6.     Enormous: Very great in size, extent, number, or degree.
7.     Extensive: Great in amount, number, or degree.
8.     Flock: Very great in size, extent, number, or degree.
9.     Heaps: A large number or amount.
10.   Infinite: Too numerous to be counted.
11.   Multifarious: Having great variety; diverse.
12.   Multitude: A large indefinite number.
13.   Multiplicity: A large number or variety.
14.   Numerous: Amounting to a large number; many.
15.   Plenty: More than sufficient; ample; many.
16.   Profusion: Abundance.
17.   Oodles: A large amount; many numbers.
18.   Slew: A large amount or number; a lot.
19.   Umpteen: Innumerable but many.
 
Best Wishes!!
Team IBT
 
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Words related to being Less in number

1. Slightly: to a small degree; not considerably.
2. Faintly: in a faint manner; indistinctly."she smiled faintly”
3. Remotely: in the slightest degree."he had never been remotely jealous"
4. Vaguely: in a way that is uncertain, indefinite or unclear; roughly
5. Hardly: only a very short time before."the party had hardly started when the police arrived"
6. Barely: only just; almost not."she nodded, barely able to speak"
7. Scarcely: only just; almost not."her voice is so low I can scarcely hear what she is saying"
8. Minute :Less Time
9. Petty : Small Amount
10. Subsidiary : a branch or a small  part
11. Deficient : not having enough of a specified quality or ingredient.
 
Best Wishes!!
Team IBT
 
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Vocab Dose

Hi Readers,

When we talk about English we got mess in some words those look same in meaning but have a slight difference in usage.Lets clear the doubt in these words.

1. About and on

2. Above and over

3. Across and through

About  Vs. on

Look at these two examples and try to diffrentiate these two words

  • We had a discussion about money.
  • He gave a lecture on finance.

About used in the first sentence suggests that the discussion was ordinary. On used in the second sentence suggests that the lecture was serious or academic, suitable for specialists. 

Above vs. over

There is something interesting in these two words. lets have a look at given sentences, where we can use any of these words.The meaning of the sentence won't get changed.

Above and over can both mean ‘higher than’.

  • The water came up above / over our waist.

Above is preferred when one thing is not directly over another.

  • There is a temple above the lake. (The temple is not directly over the lake.) Over is preferred when one thing covers or touches another.
  • He put on a sweater over his shirt. (NOT He put on a sweater above his shirt.)

In measurements of temperature and height we use above. In measurements of ages and speeds we use over.

  • The temperature never rose above 5 degrees Celsius.
  • You have to be over 18 to see that film.

Across vs. through

Through is used for movement in a three dimensional space, with things on all sides. Across cannot be used with that meaning.

Lets understand the difference from these examples

  • We went through the wood. (We were in the wood.)
  • The road goes through the forest.
  • We walked across the desert. (We were on the desert.)

 

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Words same in speaking

 
Let's start with Homonyms today. In daily life you might come accross some words those are said or spelled the same way as another word but has a different meaning. "Write” and “right” is a good example of a pair of homonym.Give are the example for the same.
 
  • Accept (to receive) and Except (excluding)
  • Ad (advertisement) and Add (short for addition)
  • Affect (to influence) and Effect (result)
  • Aid (to assist) and Aide (an assistant)
  • Air (stuff we breath) and Heir (one who will inherit)
  • Aisle (walkway) and Isle (island)
  • Allusion (an indirect reference) and Illusion (a misconception)
  • Ant (insect) and Aunt (parent's sister)
  • Bald (hairless) and Bawled (cried aloud)
  • Band (a group) and Banned (forbidden)
  • Capital (city) and Capitol (wealth and resources)
  • Climactic (great intensity) and Climatic (weather conditions)
  • Days (more than one day) and Daze (to bewilder)
  • Die (to become dead) and Dye (coloring agent)
  • Elicit (to bring out) and Illicit (unlawful)
  • Emigrate from (leave one country) and Immigrate to (enter another country)
  • Fair (even-handed) and Fare (payment)
  • Fairy (imaginary magic person) and Ferry (river-crossing boat)
  • Gilt (gold-plated) and Guilt (did wrong)
  • Gorilla (large ape) and Guerrilla (military soldier)
  • Knead (working bread dough) and Need (must have)
  • Mail (postal delivery) and Male (masculine person)
  • Principle (a basic truth) and Principal (head of a school/sum of money)
  • Scene (visual location) and Seen (past tense of saw)
  • Than (a comparison) and then (shows time)
  • There (a place) and Their (belongs to them) and They're (they are)
  • To (a preposition) and Too (an adverb) and Two (a number)
  • Your (possessive pronoun) and You're (you are)

 

Thanks 

Team IBT

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